The spectator witnesses two major trends. The first one introduces the traditional song arranged in a resolutely modern musical language. We find there compositors such as Manuel de Falla (1876-1946), Fernando Obradors (1897-1945) or Federico Mompou (1893-1987).
The second one – on its side – illustrated by the compositor Isaac Albeniz (1860-1909), has been at the origin of the creation of a new Spanish folklore, with the constitution of new collective memory such as the work from Enrique Granados (1867-1946).
Even if the compositors have mostly used the piano, there was without doubt a guitar suspended in the wall of the living room. The renaissance of the guitar that has happened end of 19th centuries by Fancisco Tárrega (1852-1909) is in itself an act questioning the Spanish identity, which was in the past resonating with the sound of vihuelas et guitarras de cuatro ordenes
Finally, it seems pertinent to us to make a connection between the lyric repertoire and the guitarist repertoire via a presentation of three play from Francisco Tárrega and his disciple, Miguel Llobet (1878-1938).